This is the "Credibility & Bias" page of the "Evaluating Sources" guide.
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Evaluating Sources   Tags: annotated bibliography, bias, craap test, crap test, credibility, empirical, evaluating sources, peer-reviewed, popular magazines, primary, qualitative, quantitative, refereed, scholarly journals, secondary, tertiary, trade journals  

Last Updated: Jul 6, 2016 URL: Print Guide RSS Updates

Credibility & Bias Print Page

Which Website is Legitimate?

Three of the following websites are hoaxes. Which do you think is legitimate?


C.R.A.A.P. Test -- Assessment Tool

The CRAAP Test guidelines can help you evaluate all kinds of information. Use it to determine if a source is appropriate and credible.

Currency Relevance Authority Accuracy Purpose

Social Media & Websites -- Assessment Tools

Learning how to evaluate what you read, view, and hear is an essential skillset your academic and personal life.

  • How To Verify Social Media Content
    General guidelines that can apply to most social media. The linked Google Doc contains additional tips. There are no foolproof methods to verify social media sources. Fake identities and other factors make this impossible.
  • Website Evaluator
    Paste the website address into the box. Answers to the pop-up questions create a final decision. From EasyBib Research.
  • DomainTools
    Find out who owns a website domain (current and historical); or conduct a Reverse Whois Lookup to find all the domains ever owned by any specific company or individual. Can be helpful to identify the origin of a website.
  • Alexa
    Find website analytics---how popular it is, who views it, who links to it.

Political & Social Bias

If you need to research a topic from differing political and social perspectives, then you'll need to know how to recognize the bias in magazines, newspapers, and websites/blogs.

These are general guidelines. Completely unbiased publications and websites do not exist.



Many thanks to Karen Dearing for creating this guide.


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